This essay was originally completed by Daniel Hocutt December 1996 as a graduate seminar paper for Dr. Terryl Givens' "Special Topics: The Byronic Hero" course (English 414) at the University of Richmond.
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Turgenev published Fathers and Sons in 1862, less than a year after the Emancipation Act abolished serfdom. Overwhelmingly criticized by his Russian contemporaries, the novel found a more receptive audience in France, Germany, and England. Today the novel is considered his greatest work, a vital precursor to the works of such Russian realists as Tolstoy and Dostoevsky.
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