Copyright 2002, 2003 by Walter G. Green III.  All rights reserved.  Permission to reproduce single copies of papers for academic use is granted to instructors, researchers, and students.  Direct other requests for reproduction to the editor.

This page was updated on 11 July 2006.  Translated text for each paragraph in Glosa and Unish will be posted as translations are completed.

G: U-ci pagina pa maxi neo 2006.07.11.

U: Sito es kompleted 2006.07.11.


Notes on the Science of Extreme Situations is an ongoing series of papers prepared and presented in English, other major languages, Glosa, and Unish to increase the available literature in the field of disaster science to support research, teaching, and practice.  The focus of Notes is on short papers, with a narrow focus, that present information on current and emerging organizational structures and practices.  


We solicit papers for Notes from students, instructors, researchers, and individuals responsible for the management of mitigation prior to, preparations for, response to, and recovery from emergencies and disasters. Papers submitted should fall within the following categories: (1) technical solutions for defined emergency management problems, (2) documentation of current practice through review of literature and extant documents or single-case case studies, or (3) initial essays contributing to development of new theory or practice in the field.  The intent of this publication is not to publish fully developed documentation of completed research.  Rather, it is to capture information that otherwise might not be available or preserved, to document practice as a basis for further study, and to provide a forum for initial discussion of new directions.


(1)  Papers should be no longer than three to five pages when prepared single spaced for publication, not including works cited and tables.  Reports of ongoing research activity may be longer in selected cases. Authors of longer papers reporting finished research should consider submitting them to the editor of the Electronic Journal of Emergency Management.

(2)  Papers must be prepared following the guidance of the Style Guide for this publication. owning organization if there is no author), title of the page, date of the page (if available), complete page URL, and the date accessed.  When citing an Intenet site, in-text citations will use either the year of publication, or, if that is not available, the year of access.

(3)  Papers may be submitted in English, Glosa (G), or Unish (U) (if possible, in at least two of these languages).  Submissions in primary languages other than English are encouraged, although such submissions should be accompanied by a copy translated into English.  Authors submitting papers agree to their translation as required and publication in multiple languages.  


Notes is a peer reviewed publication.  Each paper submitted will be reviewed by two reviewers.  Instructions for Peer Reviewers are included on this site.  Comments from reviewers not addressed in the final published paper will be published with the paper on the Works Cited and Peer Review page.  Readers are encouraged to submit peer comments to the editor, clearly identifying the paper commented on and the name and affiliation of the individual commenting (all comments published will be published without attribution).


Papers will be posted in this section as they are reviewed and accepted for publication and as translations are completed.  Authors are listed in alphabetical order. 

G: Plu papira fu es lista in u-ci mero; tem mu es kritici e cepti pro u ge-promulga-ra; e tem plu translati es fini.  U mero in alfa-beta ordina lista plu autori.

Anderson, Scott D. An Emergency Operations Center Field Study - Fairfax County, Virginia. Paper Number 13. July 2003.

Brown, Lillian.  An Emergency Operations Center Field Study - Prince George's County, Maryland. Paper Number 11. July 2003

Ennis, John.  An Emergency Operations Center Field Study - City of Fredericksburg, Virginia. Paper Number 5. June 2002.

Fields, Kevyn. An Emergency Operations Center Field Study - Hanover County, Virginia. Paper Number 10. July 2003.

Green, Walter G., III. After Action Review Comments on Sheltering and Mass Feeding by Voluntary Agencies in the Aftermath of Hurricane Isabel in Virginia.  Paper Number 12.  October 2003.

Green, Walter G., III. Fieldnotes from Exercise Bright Star 2002. Paper Number 8. November 2002.

Green, Walter G., III. Fireground Command: The Organizational Model 1985-1989. Paper Number 6. June 2002.

Green, Walter G., III. Photographic Evidence for a Cold War Emergency Operations Center. Paper Number 14. March 2004.

Green, Walter G., III. Planning Integration - Thoughts on Three Plans. Paper Number 1. June 2002.  Glosa: U Integra du Skema - Plu Idea, de Tri Skema.  Numera Papira 1.  2002 Meno sixa.  

Green, Walter G., III. Serial Disasters: First Thoughts. Paper Number 15. March 2004.

Green, Walter G., III. A Preliminary Comparative Classification Scheme for Disasters.  Paper Number 16. May 2006.

Green, Walter G., III and Suzanne R. McGinnis. Thoughts on the Higher Order Taxonomy of Disasters. Paper Number 7. September 2002.  Glosa: Plu Idea de u Superio Ordina Klasi-Sistema de Mal-Acide. Numera Papira 7. 2002 Meno nona.

Green, Walter G., III, Ellen M. Walk, and Nezih Altay. A Simplified Hurricane Threat Index Model for Coastal Jurisdictions. Paper Number 9. February 2003.

Greenleaf, Christine. An Emergency Operations Center Field Study - Commonwealth of Virginia. Paper Number 4. June 2002.

Martin, Thomas J.  An Emergency Operations Center Field Study State of Connecticut.  Paper Number 3.  June 2002.

McRay, Anna M. An Emergency Operations Center Field Study Henrico County, Virginia. Paper Number 2. June 2002.

Recommended form for citations in bibliographies is: Author's last name, First name, Middle initial. "Title of Paper." In Notes on the Science of Extreme Situations.  Paper No. number.  Date of paper.  Available at: URL for specific paper.  Accessed date.  When citing specific location with the article, cite the paragraph number, instead of a page, using the citation form Author's last name date, para. number


International auxiliary languages are constructed languages designed to allow their speakers to communicate freely regardless of what languages they speak as native tounges.  This site publishes material in two auxiliary languages, Glosa and Unish.  A Glossary of key terms provides equivalencies and definitions specific to disaster response.  The Glossary is a work in progress with additions, full definitions, and translations being added on a regular basis.

Glosa is a small constructed language, originating in the work of Lancelot Hogben in the 1940s, as revived and revised by Ronald Clark and Wendy Ashby in the 1970s.  Glosa users number in the hundreds in approximately 10 countries.  This language has a very easy to learn, distinctive grammar and a limited, but flexible, vocabulary that makes it unusual in the array of constructed languages.

Unish is a developmental constructed language, with work being led by the Language Research Institute of Sejong University in the Republic of Korea.   This language has an extremely simple grammar, with provisions for a large vocabulary based on the identification of the most common elements of words and terms in use in many languages.

We chose to make papers available in auxiliary languages to contribute to the scientific literature in those languages, to assist in the development of the language, and to potentially reach audiences that might not otherwise have access to this material.