KEY ASSET PROTECTION: United States. 1988. Executive Order 12656, “Assignment of Emergency Preparedness Responsibilities,” signed by President Reagan on November 18, 1988, established the Key Asset Protection Program. In the context of the program key assets were defined as infrastructure components of such importance that their destruction or disruption would result in severe impacts, either at the regional or national level. Infrastructure was also defined in national security terms as a system of independent networks that provided goods and services vital to national welfare. These independent networks were conceptually composed of industries and other types of organizations in such areas as power (electrical, gas, and oil), transportation, water supply, telecommunications, and finance.
A variety of agencies participated in various components of the program including: the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Department of Energy, the Department of Justice, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and Forces Command (as the Department of Defense’s Executive Agent). Each agency addressed Key Asset Protection from its specific focus. For example, the Department of Defense was most concerned with protection of facilities vital to mobilization and deployment of forces and continued support for military operations; the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s focus was the development of a counterterrorism capability. The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s field offices identified key assets, and this data was entered in an Infrastructure/Key Asset database at the agency’s headquarters.
United States, Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, The FBI’s … Key Asset Infrastructure Program, Washington, DC, Federal Bureau of Investigation, n.d.