NATIONAL CIVIL DEFENSE AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT DIRECTORS:  United States. 1939 to date.  The following individuals have served as directors of federal offices with primary emergency management and civil defense responsibility:

Table 53-1.  National Civil Defense and Emergency Management Directors

1941-1942 Fiorello LaGuardia, Office of Civil Defense (Roosevelt Administration)

1942-1943

James M. Landis, Office of Civil Defense (Roosevelt Administration)

1944-1945 William N. Haskell, Office of Civil Defense (Roosevelt Administration)

1948  

Russell J. Hopley, Office of Civil Defense Planning (Truman Administration)

1950-1951 Millard F. Caldwell, Federal Civil Defense Administration (Truman Administration)

1953

Val Peterson, Federal Civil Defense Administration (Eisenhower Administration)

1958-1961

Leo Hoegh, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization (Eisenhower Administration)

1961

Frank B. Ellis, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization (Kennedy Administration)

1961-1964

Stewart Pittman, Office of Civil Defense (Kennedy Administration)

1964

William P. Durkee, Office of Civil Defense (Johnson Administration)

1969-1972

John E. Davis, Office of Civil Defense (Nixon Administration)

1977

Bardyl R. Tirana, Defense Civil Preparedness Administration (Carter Administration)

April 1979 - July 1979

Gordon Vickery, (Acting) Federal Emergency Management Agency (Carter Administration)

July 1979  

Thomas Casey, (Acting) Federal Emergency Management Agency (Carter Administration)

August 1979 -January 1981

John Macy, Federal Emergency Management Agency (Carter Administration)

January 1981 - April 1981  Bernard Gallagher (Acting) Federal Emergency Management Agency (Reagan Administration)

April 1981 - May 1981

John W. McConnell (Acting) Federal Emergency Management Agency (Reagan Administration)

May 1981 - September 1985

Louis O. Giuffrida, Federal Emergency Management Agency (Reagan Administration)

September 1985 - November 1985

Robert H. Morris, (Acting) Federal Emergency Management Agency (Reagan Administration)

November 1985 - June 1989

Julius W. Becton, Jr., Federal Emergency Management Agency (Reagan Administration)

June 1989 - May 1990

Robert H. Morris, (Acting) Federal Emergency Management Agency (Bush Administration)

May 1990 - August 1990

Jerry D. Jennings, (Acting) Federal Emergency Management Agency (Bush Administration)

August 1990 - January 1993

Wallace E. Stickney, Federal Emergency Management Agency (Bush Administration)

January 1993 - April 1993

William C. Tidball, (Acting) Federal Emergency Management Agency (Clinton Administration)

April 1993 - January 2001

James Lee Witt, Federal Emergency Management Agency (Clinton Administration) (Cabinet position)

January 2001 - February 2001

John Magaw, (Acting) Federal Emergency Management Agency (George W. Bush Administration)

February 2001 - March 2003

Joe M. Allbaugh, Federal Emergency Management Agency (George W. Bush Administration)

March 2003 - Michael D. Brown, Under Secretary for Emergency Preparedness and  Response, Department of Homeland Security (George W. Bush Administration)

Sources: Drabek, Thomas E., “The evolution of emergency management,” in Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government, Thomas E. Drabek and Gerard J. Hoetmer, editors, Washington, District of ZColumbia, United States of America, International City Management Association, 1991, pages 3-29. United States, Federal Emergency Management Agency, “FEMA Director Joe M. Albaugh,” ,  location  http://www.fema.gov/about/allbaugh/index.shtm, 29 July 2002.  United States, Federal Emergency Management Agency, “Federal Emergency Management Agency Directors,” location http://www.fema.gov/about/directors.shtm, 16 May 2002. United States, Federal Emergency Management Agency, “Federal Emergency Management Agency Directors,” location http://www.fema.gov/about/directors.shtm, 5 March 2003.  Harvard Law School Library, "Landis, James McCauley, 1899-1964. Papers, 1924-1945: Finding Aid." location http://oasis.harvard.edu/html/law00025.html, 2003.

Entry 0253 - updated 25 July 2003