NATIONAL FIRE SERVICE REGIONAL ORGANIZATION: United Kingdom. 1941-1948.  Under the National Fire Service organizational structure, the United Kingdom was divided into Regions.  Regions were subdivided further into Fire Areas; as an example the organization for Scotland is shown in Table 1.

Table 74-1.  No. 11 (Scotland) Region Areas

Area Designation Headquarters Assigned Units
Western Number 1 Area Glasgow Number 1 Fire Force
Western Number 2 Area Paisley Number 2 Fire Force
South Eastern Area Edinburgh Number 3 Fire Force
Eastern Area Dundee Number 4 Fire Force
North Eastern Area Aberdeen Number 5 Fire Force
Northern Area Inverness Number 6 Fire Force

Within a Region resources were subdivided into five levels of units (see Table 2).

Table 74-2.  Regional Units and Officers

Unit Composed Of Officer/Leader
National Fire Service Region several Fire Areas Chief Regional Fire Officer
Fire Force (1 per Fire Area)   Fire Force Commander

Assistant Fire Force Commander

Division 2 Columns (100 Pumps) Division Officer (1 per Division)
Column 5 Companies (50 Pumps) Column Officer (2 per Division)

Senior Company Officer (where required)

Company 2 Sections (10 Pumps) Company Officer (10 per Division)
Section 5 Pumps Section Leader (20 per Division)
Pump   Leading Fireman (1 per Pump)

Notes: Each level of officer was identifiable by distinctive helmet markings.

This organizational structure established a total of 43 Fire Forces throughout the United Kingdom (see Table 3).

Table 74-3.  Regions and Fire Forces

Civil Defense Region Regional Headquarters Fire Force Fire Force Headquarters
Northern (1) Newcastle 1 Gosforth
2 Middlesbrough
North Eastern (2) Leeds 3 Rotheram
4 Leeds
5 Bradford
6 Hessle
North Midland (3) Nottingham 7 Derby
8 Nottingham
9 Leicester
10 Louth
Eastern (4) Cambridge 11 Southend
12 Stevenage
13 Hethersett
London (5) London 34 London (northwest)
36 London (northeast)
37 London (southeast)
38 London (southwest)
Southern (6) Reading 14 Durley
15 Taplow
16 Lyndhurst
South Western (7) Bristol 17 Bristol
18 Exeter
19 Yelverton
39 Swindon
Wales (8) Cardiff 20 Llanishen
21 Sketty
22 Colwyn Bay
Midland (9) Birmingham 23 Worcester
24 Birmingham
25 Stone
40 Wolverhampton
North Western (10) Manchester 26 Liverpool
27 Cheadle
29 Preston
Scotland (11) Edinburgh 1 Glasgow
2 Paisley
3 Edinburgh
4 Dundee
5 Aberdeen
6 Inverness
South Eastern (12) Tunbridge Wells 30 Maidstone
31 Brighton
32 Woking

Source:  Kirkwood, Graeme, The History of Scottish Fire Brigades, location http://www.graeme.kirkwood.btinternet.co.uk/index.htm, accessed 28 July 2003. Ramsey, Winston G., editor, The Blitz: Then and Now, Volume 1, London, United Kingdom, Battle of Britain Prints International, 1987. Ramsey, Winston G., editor, The Blitz: Then and Now, Volume 3, London, United Kingdom, Battle of Britain Prints International, 1990.

Entry 0374 - updated 12 July 2003