CALDWELL, MILLARD FILLMORE: United States. 1897-1984.  First Director of the Federal Civil Defense Administration 1950-1951, in the Truman Administration.  Born in Knox County, Tennessee, he attended Carson-Newman College, the University of Mississippi, and the University of Virginia.  He served in World War I as an officer of field artillery, and after the war practiced law in Milton, Florida.  A succession of political offices as County Attorney (1926-1932), State Representative (1929-1932), and Congressman (1933-1941), culminated in service as Governor of Florida from 1945 to 1949.

Governor Caldwell was appointed Administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration and served in that position from 1950 to 1952.  Given his background as a segregationist governor, Caldwell's appointment was the target of protests by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, whose representatives argued that such an  appointment was inconsistent with providing protection for all American citizens.

Governor Caldwell later served as Chief Justice of the Florida Supreme Court.   

Sources: "CALDWELL, Millard Fillmore, 1897-1984," in Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, location, accessed 12 August 2003.  "Laura McEnaney on: African Americans and Civil Defense," in The American Experience: Race for the Superbomb, location, accessed 12 August 2003.

Entry 0385 - posted 12 August 2003