BANNER OF PEACE:  1931 to date. The Banner of Peace is formally the flag designated by the 1935 Treaty on the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments (commonly known as the Roerich Pact), to be used to mark monuments and institutions declared to be neutral and protected under that treat from attack or damage in wartime. The flag is white with a red circle with a white background on which are placed three red spheres, in a triangle shape with one sphere uppermost.

Nicholas Roerich described the emblem as representing the totality of culture with the spheres being art, science, and religion or as representing eternity with the spheres representing the past, present, and future.  Descriptions of the symbol also highlight the ancient origins of similar symbols in many cultures and attribute to it a religious symbolism.

The Banner of Peace has been adopted by a number of peace and religious movements subsequent to 1993.

Source: Nicholas Roerich Museum, "Pact and Banner Of Peace Through Culture," location http://www.roerich.org/pact_and_banner.html, New York, New York, United States of America, published by the author, accessed 24 July 2003.  Pan American Union, Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments: Treaty Between the United States of America and the Other American Republics, location http://www.roerich.org/Roerich_Pact.htm, 15 April 1935. Martins, Antonio, "International Banner of Peace (Roerich Movement flag): Origin and symbolism of the flag," in Flags of the World, location http://atlasgeo.span.ch/fotw/flags/pea-roer.html, 30 November 1999. Planet Art Network, "The Banner of Peace," location http://www.13moon.com/banner%20of%20peace.htm, accessed 24 July 2003.

Entry 0366 - posted 24 July 2003