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Biology 305 - Plant Anatomy
Syllabus - Fall 2009

Instructor:	Dr. W. John Hayden (Office A-211, x8232; Labs: A-200, A-210)

Office hours:	by appointment, or drop in

Objectives:  The purpose of this course is to explore the microscopic structure of vascular plants as a basis for understanding growth, physiological function, ecological adaptation, and evolutionary relationships.  Class activities will include formal lectures, structured laboratory investigations, regular reading and discussions from primary literature, and a series of assignments designed to introduce a variety of techniques for preparation of plant anatomical material.  

Texts:	"CBS"	Cutler, Botha, & Stevenson.  2008.  Plant Anatomy: A Practical Approach.  Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA. (available from the UR bookstore)
	"VP-CD" Virtual Plant CD that accompanies Cutler, Botha & Stevens
	"JDM"	Mauseth, J. D. Plant Anatomy.  1988.  Benjamin/Cummings Publishing, Menlo Park, CA. (available as electronic reserve, Boatwright Memorial Library)
	"REE" 	Raven, Evert, & Eichhorn.  2005.  Biology of Plants, ed 7.  W. H. Freeman & Co., New York. (available as electronic reserve, Boatwright Memorial Library)

Lab Manuals:	Hayden, W. J.  2009.  Plant Anatomy Laboratory Manual, ed 7.
		Hayden, W. J.  2006.  Techniques Manual for Plant Anatomy, ed. 3.
		(both available via BlackBoard)

Recommended web site: http://www.sbs.utexas.edu/mauseth/weblab/ 
		["Plant Anatomy Laboratory," a site prepared by James D. Mauseth]

Some standard reference texts for Plant Anatomy:
Laboratory:  Structured laboratory sessions will consist of microscopic study of plant parts to illustrate and supplement lecture information.  The laboratory will also include opportunities to prepare a variety of plant materials for anatomical study with the light microscope and scanning electronmicroscope, using several different techniques.  Preparations will be graded for quality and will also provide data for reports based on the plant materials studied.

Attendance:  Students are expected to attend all lecture and laboratory sessions.  Lecture PowerPoints will be posted on BlackBoard.  Supplementary notes from missed lectures should be obtained from your classmates.  Missed laboratories can be made up whenever the classroom is available; however, live plants will be returned to the greenhouse directly after their scheduled use.

Date	Lecture Topic        Lab: Microscopy Study & PROJECTS		        READING  

8-24	Introduction	     Light microscope, Vascular plant diversity		VP-CD-intro; organ

8-26	Plant cells	         Plant body; 					
			                 SIMPLE MICROTOME SECTIONS		                VP-CD-microscopy
8-31	Parenchyma	         Plant cells					                REE: 35-70

9-2	    Collenchyma	         Parenchyma, Collenchyma				        REE: 513-514

9-7	    Sclerenchyma	     Sclerenchyma; 					                REE: 514-516
			                 MACERATION OF XYLEM

9-9	    Apical meristems	 Apical meristems					            REE: 510-512; CBS: 14-27

9-14	Xylem		         Xylem; 						                REE: 516-518; CBS: 28-41
			                 SEM PROJECT

9-16	Phloem		         Phloem						                    REE: 519-523; CBS: 41-47

9-21	Secretory	         Secretory structures				--

9-23	EXAM I	             PRACTICAL I

9-28	Epidermis	         Epidermis; 					                REE: 523-525
			                 LEAF CLEARINGS
9-30	Stem		         Stem						                    CBS: 57-69;VP-CD-stem
10-5	Stem		         Stem						                    CBS: 57-69;VP-CD-stem

10-7	Leaf		         Leaf						                    CBS: 70-120;VP-CD-leaf

10-12	FALL BREAK	         FALL BREAK

10-14	Leaf		         Leaf; 						                    CBS: 70-120
			                 PARAFFIN TECHNIQUE: OVERVIEW, 		            VP-CD-leaf
			                 DE-HYDRATION & INFILTRATION 

10-19	Root		         Root						                    CBS: 48-56; VP-CD-root

10-21 	Intro secondary 	 Woody stem, periderm, & gross structure 		VP-CD-secondary growth
	    growth & periderm 	 of wood						

10-26	Vascular		     Vascular cambium; 				                VP-CD-evolution
	    cambium	             PARAFFIN TECHNIQUE: CASTING, 	
			                 SECTIONING & STAINING

10-28	Conifer wood	     Conifer wood					                CBS: 30-31
									                                        VP-CD-secondary Wood

11-2	EXAM II	             PRACTICAL II

11-4	Dicot wood	         Dicot woods					                CBS: 31-38; VP-CD-secondary wood

11-9	Evolution of	     Diversity of secondary xylem			        CBS: 38-41

11-11	Ecological wood 	 Wood identification I				              --

11-16	Anomalous secondary  Anomalous 20 growth				            JDM: 369-379; VP-CD-anomalous

11-18	Reaction wood	     Wood identification II				             --

11-23	Flower		         Flower						                    CBS:121-134; JDM: 383-413

11-25	THANKSGIVING BREAK					                                --

11-30	Ovule and seed	     Flower						                   JDM: 415-437

12-2	Fruit		         Fruit & seed					               JDM: 439-451

12-8  	(Tuesday)  	         FINAL EXAM AND PRACTICAL 		(              2:00 -- 5:00 pm)

Grades:  Course grades will be based upon a simple average of the following 8 items, each of which constitutes 12.5% of the total grade:

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