NOTES ON PARIS PEACE ACCORDS, 27 JANUARY 1973
Dr. Ernest Bolt, University of Richmond

 

Sources: U.S. Treaties and Other International Agreements, vol. 24 (1973) and Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War, Stanley I. Kutler, ed. (1996), pp. 657-678.

 

Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Viet-Nam
(Nine chapters and twenty-three articles)

Cease-fire in-place and troop withdrawal - U.S. pledged to cease hostilities (ground, air, naval, deactivate or destroy mines in all waterways). Cease-fire in-place also applied to other belligerents. Total withdrawal to be completed in 60 days.

Four-Power Joint Military Commission (see Article 16) will oversee cease-fire and troop and adviser withdrawal, to be completed in 60 days. Military bases of U.S. to be dismantled in same period.

No introduction (by either Vietnamese party) of new troops, advisers, etc. or arms and war materials into their respective cease-fire zones; this article to be supervised by Four-Power Joint Military Commission (created in Article 16).

All parties committed to no further acts of force on ground, in the air, and on the sea. This prohibition also included terrorism and reprisals. Both Vietnamese sides were permitted to replace arms and war materials destroyed, damaged, or worn-out, under supervision of the Joint Military Commission.

Return of all captured military personnel and foreign civilians within 60 day period, also under supervision of the Joint Military Commission.

Exercise of South Vietnam's right of self-determination -- six articles dealt with delaration of this right, asserting the 1954 division of Vietnam as provisional and not political or territorial in nature (citing the Final Declaration of the 1954 Geneva Conference).

North and South Vietnam to begin peaceful negotiations on establishing normal relations and reunification.

Implementation of the Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace would be under three bodies (see Articles 16, 17, and 18): the Four-Party Joint Military Commission, the Two-Party Joint Military Commission, and the International Commission on Control and Supervision. Article 19 provided for an International Conference (within thirty days) to acknowledge the signed agreements, guarantee the ending of the war, the peace of Indochina, and the right of self-determination by the South Vietnamese people.

Articles 21 and 22 anticipated reconciliation and normalization of relations between the U.S. and the Democratic Republic of Viet-Nam. The former promised postwar reconstruction aid.

 

Signatories

For the U.S. -- William P. Rogers, Secretary of State
Republic of Viet-Nam -- Tran Van Lam, Minister for Foreign Affairs
Democratic Republic of Viet-Nam -- Nguyen Duy Trinh, Minister for Foreign Affairs
Provisional Revolutionary Government of Viet-Nam -- Nguyen Thi Binh, Minister for Foreign Affairs

 

Three Protocols

More detailed documents derived from the basic Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Viet-Nam. All were signed separately by the same signatories.

Concerning return of POWs, foreign civilians, and captured and detained Vietnamese civilians (14 Articles). Also dealt with dead and missing persons.

Concerning the Cease-Fire and Joint Military Commissions (19 Articles).

Concerning the International Commission of Control and Supervision (18 Articles)

 

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